Syee Weldeab

Associate Professor

Contact Phone


Office Location

Webb 1113


Paleoclimatology, Paleoceanography





                                  Google Scholar Citation Page

for updated info visit:

Weldeab S., Ruehlemann, C., Bookhagen, B., Pausata, F.S.R., and Perez-Lua, F.: Anomalously negative δ18O signatures in the Bay of Bengal during YD and H1: feedback mechanisms between weak monsoon phases and Himalayan climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., revised manuscript submitted.

Weldeab S., Friedrich T., Timmermann A., Schneider R. R. (2016): Strong mid-depth warming and weak radiocarbon imprints in the equatorial Atlantic during Heinrich 1 and Younger Dryas. Paleoceanography. doi: 10.1002/2016PA002957. PDF file data

Weldeab S., Arce, A., Kasten S. (2016): Mg/Ca-DCO-23 temperature calibration for Globobulimina spp.: a sensitive paleothermometer for deep-sea temperature reconstruction.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 438, 95-102. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.009.  Data    PDF file

Weldeab S., Lea D. W., Oberhaensli H., Schneider R. R. (2014): Links between southwestern tropical Indian Ocean SST and precipitation over the southwestern Africa over the last  17 kyr.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 410, 200-212. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.06.001  data  PDF file  

Weldeab  S., Menke V., Schmiedl  G. (2014): The Pace of East African Monsoon Evolution during the Holocen. Geophysical Research Letters. v. 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL059361. PDF file data

Weldeab  S., Jan-Berend Stuut, Ralph R, Schneider, Wolfgang Siebel (2013): Holocene climate variability in the Winter Rainfall Zone of South Africa. Climate of the Past. v. 9, 2347-2364, doi:10.5194/cp-9-2347-2013. PDF file

Kraft S., Frank M., Hathorne E., Weldeab S. (2013): Assessment of seawater Nd isotope signatures extracted from fforaminiferal shells and authigenic phases in Gulf of Guinea sediments.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. v. 121, 414–435. PDF file

Weldeab  S. (2012): Magnitude and timing of equatorial Atlantic surface warming during the last glacial bipolar oscillations. Climate of the Past. v. 8, 1705-1716, doi:10.5194/cp-8-1705-2012. Pdf file        data (excel file)

Weldeab S. (2012): Bipolar modulation of millennial-scale West African monsoon variability during the last glacial (75,000-25,000 years ago). Quaternary Science Reviews. v. 40, 21-29, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.02.014. PDF file data

Saraswat R. , R. Nigam, A. Mackensen, Weldeab S. (2012): Linkage between seasonal insolation gradient in the tropical northern hemisphere and the sea surface salinity of the equatorial Indian Ocean during the last glacial period. Acta Geologica Sinica. 86, 1265-1275. PDF file

Friedrich Oliver, Ralf Schiebel, Paul A. Wilson, Syee Weldeab, Christopher J. Beer, Matthew J. Cooper , Jens Fiebig (2012): Influence of test size, water depth, and ecology on Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, ?18O, and ?13C  in nine modern species of planktic foraminifers.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 319-320, 133-145, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.12.002. PDF file

Weldeab  S., M. Frank, T. Stichel, B. Haley, M. Sangen (2011): Spatio-temporal evolution of West African monsoon during the last deglaciation,  Geophysical Research Letters: 38, L13703,  doi:10.1029/2011GL047805. PDF file   data

Castañeda I. S., E. Schefuß, J. Pätzold, J.  S. S.Damsté, Syee Weldeab and S. Schouten (2010), Millennial-scale sea surface temperature changes in the Eastern Mediterranean (Nile River Delta Region) over the last 27,000 years.   Paleoceanography, VOL. 25, PA1208, doi:10.1029/2009PA001740, 2010. PDF file

Weldeab S., (2009), Monsoon response to global climate changes: a clue from the past,  SOLAS News, issue 9, (spring 2009), pp. 34. PDF file

Weldeab S., (2008), Control of West African monsoon precipitation: Insights from the past, PAGES News, 16, No 1, 17-18. PDF file

Weldeab S., D. W. Lea., R. R. Schneider, N. Andersen (2007), Centennial scale climate instabilities in a wet early Holocene West African monsoon, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L24702, doi:10.1029/2007GL031898. PDF file

Weldeab S., D. W. Lea., R. R. Schneider and N. Andersen (2007), 155,000 years of West African monsoon and ocean thermal evolution, Science (Research Article), 316, 1303-1307, doi: 10.1126/science.1140461. PDF file SOM    Data (excel fiel)

Weldeab S., R. R. Schneider, and P. Mueller (2007), Comparison of Mg/Ca- and alkenone-based sea surface temperature reconstructions in the fresh water influenced eastern equatorial Atlantic during the last 21,000 years, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 8, doi:10.1029/2006GC001360. PDF file

Saraswat, R., R. Nigam, S. Weldeab, A. Mackensen, and P. D. Naidu (2007). The tropical warm pool in the Indian Ocean and its influence on ENSO over the past 137,000 yrs BP, Current Science, v. 92, 1153-1156. PDF file

Weldeab S., R. R. Schneider, and M. Kölling (2006), Deglacial sea surface temperature and salinity increase in the western tropical Atlantic in synchrony with high latitude climate instabilities, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 241: 699–706, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.11.012.   data  PDF file

Weldeab S., R. R. Schneider, and M. Kölling (2006), Comparison of foraminiferal cleaning procedures for Mg/Ca paleothermometry on core material deposited under varying terrigenous-input and bottom water conditions, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7, Q04P12, doi:10.1029/2005GC000990. PDF file

Weldeab S., R. R. Schneider, M. Kölling, and G. Wefer (2005), Holocene African droughts relate to eastern equatorial Atlantic cooling, Geology, v. 33; no. 12; p. 981–984; doi: 10.1130/G21874.1. PDF file

Saraswat, R., Nigam R., Weldeab S., Mackensen A., and Naidu P. D. (2005). A first look at past sea surface temperatures in the equatorial Indian Ocean from Mg/Ca in forami- nifera, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 32, L24605, doi:10.1029/2005GL024093, 2005. PDF file

Rosenthal, Y., Peron-Cashman , S., Lear, C. H., Bard, E., Barker, S., Billups, K., Bryan, M., deMenoca, P., Dwyer, G. S., Elderfield, H., German, C. R., Greaves, M., Lea, D. W., Marchitto, T., Pak, D. K., Paradis, G. L., Russell, A. D., Schneider, R., Scheiderich, K., Stott, L., Tachikawa, K., Tappa, E., Thunell, R., Wara, M. W., Weldeab, S., Wilson (2004). Interlaboratory comparison study of Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca measurements in planktonic foraminifera for paleoceanographic research. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 5: doi: 10.1028/2003GC000650. PDF file

Weldeab S., Emeis, K.-C., Hemleben, C., Schmiedl, G. and Schulz, H. (2003). Spatial productivity variations during formation of sapropel S5 and S6 in the Mediterranean Sea: Evidence from Ba contents. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 191: 169-190. PDF file

Weldeab S., Wolfgang S., Wehausen, R., Emeis, K.-C., Schmiedl, G., and Hemleben, Ch. (2003). Late Pleistocene sedimentation in the Western Mediterranean Sea: implication for productivity changes and climatic conditions in the catchment areas. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190: 121-137. PDF file

Schmiedl, G., Beck, S., Emeis, K.-C., Hemleben, Ch., Mitschele, A., Schulz, H., Sperling, M. and Weldeab, S. (2003). Benthic foraminiferal record of ecosytem variability in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea during times of sapropel S5 and S6 formation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190: 139-164. PDF file

Weldeab S., Emeis, K.-C., Hemleben, C. and Siebel, W., 2002. Provenance of lithogenic surface sediments and path ways of riverine suspended matters in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: Evidence from 143Nd/144Nd and 87Sr/86Sr ratios. Chemical Geology, 186: 139-149. PDF file

Weldeab S., Emeis, K.-C., Hemleben, C., Schulz, H. and Vennemann, T.W., 2002. Sr, Nd isotope composition of Late Pleistocene sapropels and non-sapropel sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: Implications for detrital influx and climatic conditions in the source areas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66: 3585-3598. PDF file

Sperling, M., Weldeab, S. and Schmiedl, G., 2002. Drying of sample may alter foraminiferal isotopic ratios and faunal composition. Micropaleontology, 48: 87-91. PDF file


EARTH 124I/224I: Stable Isotope Biogeochemistry


Stable Isotope Biogeochem

Lecture, 3 hours

Introduction to stable isotope biogeochemistry, including kinetic and equilibrium fractionation of stable isotopes (H, C, O, N, and S)  during evapo-precipitation, photosynthesis, and biogenic  and inorganic calcification.

Applications of stable isotope in environmental sciences, Quaternary geology, paleoclimate, archeology. Introduction to mass spectrometry, cosmogenic and radiogenic isotopes and their application in paleoclimatology and paleoceanography.




EARTH 276: Geological Oceanography


Prerequisite: graduate standing.

Course description: Morphology, formation, and evolution of ocean basins; crustal structure and composition of ocean margins; source and composition of marine sediments; marine sediment as repository of paleoclimate and paleo-ocean circulation records. Paleoceanographic changes in relation to tectonics and changes in orbital parameters, links between changes in ocean circulation and climate changes. 






                                                         EARTH 8: Africa: climate and human evolution