Francisco Apen

PhD Summer 2022


The Thermal Evolution of Lower Continental Crust

Research Areas
Geochemistry and Petrology

Roberta Rudnick and John Cottle

Graduate Research Fellowship, National Science Foundation, 2017–2022
Regents in Earth Science Fellowship, UC Santa Barbara, 2017–2018
Fall Meeting Student Travel Grant, American Geophysical Union, 2017
On To the Future Scholarship, Geological Society of America, 2016


The application of radiogenic isotope geochemistry, major and trace element geochemistry, petrology, and numerical modeling to investigate: crust generation, reworking, and destruction; heat production and transfer in the deep crust and at the crust-mantle interface; environments and dynamics of the early Earth; and geochemical cycling between Earth's surface and interior.


Current projects include investigating the origin and evolution of deep crustal rocks in Tanzania (Tanzanian Craton and Mozambique Belt), Siberia (Siberian Craton), and Antarctica (Southern Victoria Land).


EARTH 115: Analytical Methods in Geomaterials (Teaching Assistant), W18